Pregnancy is a state of habitual and long duration low grade inflammation.
The biological response of the body tissues to pregnancy is similar to that
in response to an injury or pathogen. This is associated with increased
circulating levels of inflammatory chemical mediators called C reactive
proteins and interleukins. Both these factors enhance insulin resistance
and lead to Diabetes.
The sugar intolerance can vary in nature. It can either be pre-existing or
first onset during pregnancy. The presence of diabetes in a pregnant woman
can lead to adverse pregnancy outcomes like abortion, pre-term labor,
maternal distress, congenital malformations of the baby and increased
chances of operative delivery.
The ideal mark should be to achieve a long-term tight control of blood
sugar levels before pregnancy. High blood glucose can harm your baby during
the first weeks of pregnancy, even before you know you are pregnant. Plan to manage your blood glucose before you
get pregnant.Here’s what you should do:
- Any diabetic woman planning to conceive should first seek a joint
consultation from a diabetologist, gynecologist and dietician.
- After the conception too, A diabetic mother should remain under regular
doctor’s supervision. Health check-ups should be taken monthly intervals
up-to 5 months of pregnancy and fortnightly thereafter.
An appropriate and planned diet aids diabetes medication and insulin
therapy. A three-meal plan with breakfast at 25% of the total calorie