Caring for a premature baby takes lots of care and attention and attention and can be overwhelming. Here are some tips to help new moms and dads.
A baby born before 37 completed weeks of pregnancy is a pre-term or a premature baby. These infants usually weigh less than 2.5 kilograms and are at a risk
of many health problems. A healthy survival of such infants will require intelligent observation and an intensive treatment by the doctor. But the care of
such babies is not complete until rigorous health seeking measures are taken at home. Here are the most important health problems of premature children and
their easy prevention.
- Preterm infants lose a large proportion of body water from skin, which is known as insensible water loss. This is due to higher body surface area to
weight ratio. Therefore, a premature child has higher water and fluid requirements in the first few days of life.
- Breastfeeding requires effective sucking, swallowing and a proper coordination between suck/swallow and breathing. These are complex skills that mature
with age. A significant proportion of babies born premature have inadequate feeding skills. They might not be able to breastfeed and hence would require
other methods of feeding such as spoon feeding with breast expressed milk. Talk to your doctor about I and learn the correct method to feed your infant to
provide him sufficient nutrition.
- Premature children have immature immune defenses and hence a greater probability of general and life-threatening infections. The best management is
strict adherence to hand hygiene and minimum handling by strangers. Exposure to adults or other children with respiratory infections should also be
- Pre-term children are always at a risk of slow and retarded growth. Monitor the weight and height of your baby continuously in the initial growing years.
Though most of these children catch up the growth phase, any deviation from normal growth should raise and alarm.